Article 19 (3)

For the purposes of this Article:

  • (a) “Energy Cycle” means the entire energy chain, including activities related to prospecting for, exploration, production, conversion, storage, transport, distribution and consumption of the various forms of energy, and the treatment and disposal of wastes, as well as the decommissioning, cessation or closure of these activities, minimising harmful Environmental Impacts;
  • (b) “Environmental Impact” means any effect caused by a given activity on the environment, including human health and safety, flora, fauna, soil, air, water, climate, landscape and historical monuments or other physical structures or the interactions among these factors; it also includes effects on cultural heritage or socio-economic conditions resulting from alterations to those factors;
  • (c) “Improving Energy Efficiency” means acting to maintain the same unit of output (of a good or service) without reducing the quality or performance of the output, while reducing the amount of energy required to produce that output;
  • (d) “Cost-Effective” means to achieve a defined objective at the lowest cost or to achieve the greatest benefit at a given cost.



  • BA-15 (12/08/92): Article 14.3- Environmental Aspects
  • From BA-22 (21/10/92) to BA-37 (01/03/93): Article 14.2 - Environmental Aspects
  • (Compromise text) ECT 1 [CONF 50] (15/03/93): Article 22.2 - Environmental Aspects
  • From ECT 2 [CONF 56] (01/05/93)  to Interim text (25/06/94): Article 22.3 - Environmental Aspects
  • From CONF 104 (Text for Adoption) (14/09/94) to Final Act and ECT as adopted (17/12/94): Article 19.3 - Environmental Aspects